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WOMEN AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF UDI L.G.A IN ENUGU STATE 1999-2015


Project topic for Political Science department

Abstract

This study is on the role of women in Nigeria politics, study of Udi Local Government Area of Enugu state. It has been established that the development of any country requires the participation of both men and women.  There is global recognition that gender equality in political participation is a fundamental aspect of modern democratic governance, Otubo (2009). It is expected that both men and women should have equal rights and opportunities to participate fully in all aspects and at all levels of political processes. But in practice, women face challenges and the number of women in leadership and decision making positions is abysmally low. Meanwhile, it has been proven that countries with increased women’s participation in politics and leadership position tend to be more inclusive, egalitarian and democratic. Over the years women have been relegated to the background in issues of the overall development especially in the developing nations like Nigeria. Women participation in politics over the years has taken a new shape and stages. However, the leadership role and political actionism by women has not just started in Africa, according to history. As far as the late 19th century, Oakley (1982), Queen Saraumiya Amina was well known as a leader of the people of Zaria especially in her role in warding away the Kwara-Offa invaders. The Problem Despite the difficulties faced by women in politics, they continue with their political ambition, contributing enormously to the political and national development in their own way as the challenges militating against them are not present, although Nigeria is yet to have a female president. objectives of this study is to examine women and political participation in Nigeria especially in Udi L.G.A. of Enugu state 1999-2015. research questions were formulated to guide the study. 1. What are the roles of women in Nigeria politics especially in Udi L.G.A? 2. What are the ways of ensuring full participation of women in Nigeria government especially in Udi L.G.A.? The researcher used descriptive research survey design in carrying this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals. Table 4.2.1 shows that most (84; 63.2%) of the respondents strongly agree with the statement There is global effort to end gender discrimination against women. Also, the table shows that (80, 60.2%) of the respondents are strongly in support of the Education: Design and conduct gender-sensitive civic and voter education programs to women and men citizens, including why women should vote and how family support for household and child care responsibilities can help women be active in politics. Recommendation: Make commitments to address challenges holding women and girls down. Implement the Gender Policy immediately and ensure that women constitute at least 35 percent of women appointment and increase it gradually to 50 percent by 2030. Ensure that women occupy leadership positions in the political party structure


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