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Background of the Study
Television is increasingly becoming powerful medium of information dissemination and entertainment channels to all categories of people including the youth in particular and the society at large or in general. Also, the fact that television has unique qualities of combining audio and visual components in putting messages across to the audience makes it the most powerful medium of information dissemination. In other words, television presents lucid illustration of the messages to the audience through the audio visual aid.
Consequently, the rate of violence oriented programme depicted in our television screen has become a thing of worry and concern to the society. our once decent African native culture is fast giving way to culture of corruption, robbery, murder, rape, kidnapping, prostitution and others social vices sequel with the invasion of foreign culture through television media.
According to Justice U. Abdullabi (1973:18) in his article titled “Television-moral training or crime booster”, he noted that what youths viewed every time are dances, kissing, dating, robbery and horrible scenes of night clubs which are foreign and not in agreement with our societal values.
The effects of this ugly development is more visible with the complacency created in the mind of students in the tertiary institutions which has given rise to the turn out of uncultured and uneducated graduates from our higher institutions.
For a number of years, Gerebner et al (1977:176-207) conducted an audience survey to determine whether constant viewing of a great deal of violence viewed on television result in a distorted and fearful view of the society. And the results form the study showed that significant relationship between the amount of television viewing and various indices of violence and most vices in the society.
Lipman (1922:121) also re-stated this point when he said that the picture in our mind are mainly constructed from the pictures we get form the medial television).
No doubt, the advent of television and its attendant violent programmes has resulted to an increased rate of crime and violence in our society. The standard of our youths morality has fallen a great deal and if left unchecked will make the society unconductive as crime and violence will continue to rise.
It’s therefore in light of such see scenario that the research of this nature is necessitated. Attempt in the proceeding pages will be geared towards addressing the issues raised in this background study.
Statement of the Research Problem
The rate at while violence-oriented television programme saturate our television stations have been on increase. The effects or the influence of such programmes on the young minds of the youths especially in the tertiary institutions have been devastating. This has resulted in the high rate of robbery, kidnapping, sexual immorality, illegal possession of arms and ammunition, cultism, gay sex and all sorts of atrocities. Information from a research conducted in the university of Lagos shows that student in the tertiary institutions are more vulnerable to such behaviours owning to the fact that they are most exposed to violent television programmes.
This research work is therefore to find out the nature and extent of influence exerted on the students of Enugu State University of Science and technology in particular and youths in general so as to provide solutions to the menace.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The paramount aim of this study is to carry out in-depth analysis on the influence of violent television programems on tertiary institutions in order to come up conclusively with evidence that will expose those crimes and immorality found among students of tertiary institution traceable to their exposure to violent television programmes.
The study will also portray or find out how youth (students) are affected psychologically, mentally and socially through television programmes.
The study will also among other things examine the contribution of television exposure to the falling standard of education in tertiary institutions.
Finally the study will recommend how best to restore moral sanity among the youth in tertiary institution.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study will highlight to the students and television media houses the possible damages inherent in the portrayal of violent porgrammes on the students and society in general.
The result will help to enhance the societal development of the nation as it will help to reorient the students in tertiary institutions towards taking their studies more serious which in turn guarantee quality of graduate who will contribute to the development of the nation.
This research will be guided by the following research questions:
Does violent TV programmes affect the behavioral pattern of students in tertiary institutions?
How does television exposure affect the students life style?
What is the consequence of violent TV programmes viewed by the students to the society?
Can violent TV programmes be prohibited in the interest of our youths?
Ho: Violent TV programmes has no negative effects on students of tertiary institution
H1: Violent TV programmes has negative effects on students of tertiary institutions.
H2: Violent TV programmes affect behavioral pattern of students in tertiary institutions.
Ho: Violent TV programmes does not affect behavioral pattern of students in tertiary institutions.
H3: Students exposure to TV programme has negative consequences to the society.
Ho: Students exposure to TV programmes has no negative consequences to the society.
Scope of Study
The scope of this research work is narrowed to ESUT students. The reason for this could be attributed to the fact that ESUT as a tertiary institutions could be used to generalize the impact of violent television programmes in higher Institutions owning to the fact that ESUT is well populated with youths.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
Financial factor is one of the major challenges of this research work which made is to streamline the research in order to meet only the relevant sector. Also the limited time frame in the midst of our busing academic activities posed some challenges.
Definition of Terms
Conceptual and Operational
Conceptual Definition: the effect that somebody or something has on the natural condition of something o0r somebody.
Operational Definition: The actual effect of violent television programmes on the students of tertiary institutions.
Conceptual definition: It is an organized order of performances or events.
Operational Definition: It’s those actions and explicit that people watch on television.
Conceptual Definition: The educational institutions that provide higher educational services to students.
Operational definition: This comprise of the higher institutions in Nigeria including college of educations, polytechnics, monotechnics and universities.
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