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THE INCIDENCE OF MALARIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING CLINICS IN TWO HOSPITALS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS


Project topic for Biology department

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the incidence of malaria in pregnant women attending clinics in two hospitals in Enugu metropolis. Despite being quite simple to diagnose and treat, malaria claims more lives than any other infectious disease today. In pregnancy, malaria can cause abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, intrauterine growth retardation and neonatal death. Despite the numerous preventive and corrective measures taken against malaria, the preventable but deadly disease has persisted in pregnant women in developing countries. This simply implies that the current measures are either ineffective enough or not being used effectively. It is therefore pertinent to examine the incidence of malaria in pregnant women attending clinics in two hospitals in Enugu metropolis in order to ascertain the factors responsible for the persistence of malaria in pregnant women, the consequences and the way forward. To achieve these objectives, three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses were drafted. Tables and simple percentage were used to analyze the data collected from Likert-standard questionnaire administered to a sample of 200 respondents. The hypotheses were tested using Chi-Square static. The major reasons behind the persistence of malaria in pregnant women in Enugu metropolis include poor environmental sanitation, mosquito bite and ignorance. The obvious consequences of malaria in pregnant women in Enugu metropolis include maternal mortality, infant mortality, anaemia and still births. Based on the findings, it may be concluded that the killer disease, malaria, has many causal factors and consequences. The use of Intermittent Preventive Therapy in pregnancy (IPTp), inoculation of infants, use of anti-malarial drugs, use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets and vector control are measures to be taken to combat malaria in pregnant women in Enugu metropolis.


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