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THE IMPACT OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMME IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF ORHIONMWON LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA.

Project topic for Entrepreneurial Studies department.

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Poverty alleviation programme was designed to help the poor people in Nigeria to improve their standard of living, Nigeria has been rated as one of the countries where there is wide spread of poverty among the people. What then is poverty?

Poverty  to a layman may be seen as person who are not able to attain basic needs for livelihood and inability to train and sponsor children to higher institutions of learning. Poverty has variaties of definitions among people, sometimes poverty may be seen as persons who do not have money and living low quality of life and low standard of living among the population.

Poverty is seen as not been able to provide food, shelter for oneself or other necessary requisite for livelihood. Walter, (2006: 36) stated that, the economic downturn has continued to defy all attempts to solve poverty problem. In 1980, statistics shown that 28:1 percent of Nigerian citizen lived below poverty line or tracks.

(absolute poverty) Nigerian now has been categorized as one of the most poorest Nations in the world despite her natural resources endowment.

The government, due to political struggle has reduces the country’s wealth to nothing. Feeding had been a major problem in most Nigerian homes this is because of wide spread of unemployment among the citizens.

Unemployment keep increasing daily in Nigeria, according to annual report of National directorates of employment (NDE) there were 1, 819,395 unemployed citizens in Nigeria. In 2002 the report revealed that about 62 percent of these unemployed persons where males and 38 percent of them where female. It has been the talk of the government to eradicate poverty but the dreams of the government to eradicate poverty is like a day dream or an unreal dream. As a result of this persistence indigence among Nigerian the federal government led by Chief Olusegun Obasanjo had continued to carry out some projects and programme to alleviate and eradicate poverty in Nigeria.

This research topic “The impact of poverty alleviation programme” had been chosen to unveal the effect of the activities to reducing the scourge of poverty among Nigerians.

The researcher used ORHionmwon local government area of Edo State as a case study.

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

Some problems existed earlier which led to the formulation of poverty eradication programme. Some of the problems are:

  • High rate of poverty among Nigerians which indicated in persistent poor standard of living among larger population of the people.
  • Very low savings capacity among greater majority of Nigeria populace leading to scarcity of capital for investment.
  • High drop out rate at school as a result of inability of the parent to pay their children fees.
  • The widespread of criminal terrorist and militant activities is an indication of poverty among youth leading them to stealing and robbery and prostitution
  • Unequal distribution of national budget to various sectors like education and security and agricultural sector.
  • OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The general objective of this study is to examine strategies to be adopted by poverty alleviation programme to improve the living standard of the population in ORHionmwon L.G.A Edo state. The specific objectives are as follows:

  • To identify the real causes of poverty among the affected inhabitants of ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State.
  • To find out the effects of poverty on the affected inhabitants of ORHionmwon L.G.A  in Edo State.
  • To determine effective ways of eradicating poverty from families and inhabitants of ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State
  • To  make suggestions to public policy makers on how to plotter solutions to poverty in ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State.
  • To determine the extent or degree of poverty among inhabitants of ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State.
  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Having identified some of the problems associated with this study and laid down the objectives toward finding solutions to those problems, the researcher pose some research questions to enable him gather data for analysis and decision making in this work

The research questions are as follows:

  • What are the real causes of poverty in ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State?
  • What are the effect of poverty on the affected inhabitants of ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State?
  • In what ways can poverty be eradicated effectively in ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State?
  • What suggestions can the public policy makers make to plotter solutions to poverty in ORHionmwon L.G.A in Edo State?
  • What is the extent or degree of poverty among the inhabitants of Edo State?
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The poverty alleviation programme is a programme designed to carry out information about the poor people and, means of helping them to improve their standard of living and discard from poverty terim or tacks or poverty line.

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study targeted only ORHionmwon local government area of Edo State although the activities of poverty alleviation programme is spread in all the local government in Edo State but because of time factor  the researcher uses only one local government area.

  • LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

During the research work, the researcher face a lot of problems some where

  • Finance: as a result of global recession at the time of this project there was inadequate finance to carryout research in a larger cities and local government areas.
  • Transportation: some of the communities in ORHionmwon has bad roads which is not even motorable. Despite all these challenges the researcher was still able to carryout its research work.
  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

NAPEP: National poverty Eradication Programme

L.G.A: Local Government Areas

NGO: Now Governmental Organization


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