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1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The increase of unemployment is like eruption of volcano, as heavy as the wind of tornado and it is igniting like a wild fire in the harmattan.
In the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the country has large number of her populace unemployed. The quest for good leadership in solving unemployment in Nigeria has made almost all that are affected by the menace of unemployment show their reactions in one way or the other.
According to Punch news and online of March 22, 2016 put unemployment rate at 10.4% in the fourth quarter of 2015 (National Bureaus of Statistics, NBS). Using ILO (International Labour Organization) of the same data reported that about 201 million people globally are unemployed and this may rise to 219 million by 2019; with 8 million Nigerians technically unemployed (not including the remaining 14.4 million underemployed). This means 4% of the worlds unemployed are Nigerians. If we add the number of under-employed in Nigeria (though other countries and the ILO methodology do not add this to unemployment and keep these number separate like we do in Nigerians, then Nigerians will represent about 14% of global unemployment.
Unemployment which is mainly caused by the rapid growth of population; when people multiply, there rises the problem of unemployment to a sufficient number of people.
Lampan (1974) report on the cause of unemployment stated that agriculture is that tap root of an economy. He also warned that any attempt to give agricultural activities a secondary attention in the economy of any nation would sooner or later crate unemployment situation. Investigation into Nigeria sources of revenue in the 1960s and early 1970s showed that agricultural products were the chief source of income to the country. But with the neglect of agriculture due to oil boom, the economy later failed and has resulted into unemployment.
Generally, this research work is limited to the study of how the increasing business activities of co-operative have helped in reducing unemployment in Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu state.
The language of Aninri people is Igbo and they are mostly subsistence farmers, farming crops like yam, cassava, rice, okra, etc.
Aninri local government area, have its headquarters at Ndeaboh. It has an area of 364km2 and population of 133, 723 of the 2006 Census.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Cooperatives is a non-profit established by likeminded persons and makes them owners users and Since the introduction of this human of co-operatives in the early Owen 0, William King, Herman making organization that is to help them out of poverty employees of such business. organization from the history century, people like Robert Shultz Delitch, Nyerere of Tanzania etc, have in different ways urge people to embrace cooperatives as it plays a vital role in the reduction of poverty, debt slavery hanger and other acts of idleness which are generally caused by unemployment.
Over the years, a clarion call has been made by various authorities asking people to leave place of sitting and waiting for a white collar jobs, and embrace the vast opportunities of employment in the co-operative societies and since there was a response to this call, poverty and idleness are reduce in such areas.
It is for this reason that the researcher was motivated to undertake this in order to investigate the different means through which co-operative have reduce unemployment in Aninri L.G.A of Enugu state.
It is the hope of the researchers that if there means actually reduced unemployment in the study area, that it might be religious to advice that other area should adopt it so as to help solve unemployment issues.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The general objectives of this study is to examine how the increasing business activities of cooperatives have helped reduce unemployment in Aninri Local Government Area among the specific objectives area;
1. To find out measure of increasing cooperative business activities in reducing unemployment in Enugu state.
2. To determine how frequent that people, join the cooperative and their reasons for joining.
3. To determine the type of jobs that the co-operatives creates for their members.
4. To know the problems that cooperative faces in Aninri local government area.
5. And finally to proffer solution(s) to such problems if possible.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This write-up will be of immense importance to;
1. The general public to be informed and sensitized about cooperative business.
2. The government for them to create an enabling environment for co-operative through their policy formulation.
3. The student who want to embark on further research of this topic or related one.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. How frequent does people join co-operatives in the area?
2. What kind of jobs the cooperative offer to their members?
3. What measures have co-operatives taken so as to reduce unemployment?
4. Whether co-operative have really reduce unemployment through their increasing business activities?
1.6 FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
Knowing that hypothesis is a tentative statement of conclusion about a research topic below are the hypothesis formulated for the study.
Ho: The increase business activities of the cooperatives does not reduce unemployment.
H1: Co-operative does not create jobs for its members.
Ho: People do not join co-operative frequently.
H2: People frequently join co-operatives.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study surveys ways through which the increasing business activities of the co-operatives reduce unemployment in Aninri L.G.A of Enugu state.
The scope covers the measures contribution of cooperatives in unemployment reduction. It also examines the problem faced by co-operative and their solutions.
The limitation of conducting this study which are the constraints/challenges faced during the course of the study. They includes:
1) Difficulty encountered in finding related materials for literature review.
2) Doctored information as many respondents hides information.
3) Time, the time lag for this research work is not enough for me couple with academic activities around me. So it was not easy for me to move around my case study and gather information for my study.
4) Money: I was not having enough money that will take me to my case study as frequent as I want.
5) Attitudes of respondents: some that I interviewed directly refused to reveal relevant information to me.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
- Cooperatives Society: It is an autonomous associations of person that united voluntary to meet their common social, cultural and economic needs and aspiration under jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise (ICA, 1995).
- Non-profit organization: It is an organization which their primary aim is not to make profit but to actualize their members need and protect their interest.
- Unemployment: The state of having no job or joblessness.
- Eruption of volcano: A violent ejection which may cause sudden release of pressure or tension.
- Social problem: An objective condition that affects majority of person in the society, eg. unemployment.
- Income: payment derived from wages, salaries or investments.
- Society: A group of people who lives in a particular geographical area and is people are subjected to a common system of authority and aware of having a distinct identity form other groups them.
- Social-economic status: This is the position of an individual within the society and economic hierarchy.
- Poverty: This is the deprivation of basic necessitates of life. A state where individuals lack qualitative and quantitative foods, shelter and clothing is termed poverty.
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