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1.1 Background of the Study
Punctuality as “is the soul of business.” Any institution will require its staff to be punctual for a success. Punctuality as a function of time with respect to date is a very essential requirement in every setup, be it small scale or large organization/institution, of which National Open University of Nigeria is no exception (Shoewu and Idowu, 2012).
Biometrics, especially in information technology or in modern context, is the analysis of human physical and behavioral features in order to verify or identify person’s uniqueness for monitoring purposes. Various physical features including faces, eyes, fingers, hands, veins, ears and teeth can be used by this technology, and characteristics such as gaits or voice patterns are also being investigated and analyzed as part of the wider biometrics field. There are many types of biometric systems like fingerprint recognition, face recognition, voice recognition, iris recognition, palm recognition, etc. In this project, fingerprint recognition system is used. A well-known technique to identify individuals is by comparing fingerprint features with a pre-defined template.
Biometric technology has evolved in recent years, and fingerprint recognition (FR) is one of the most popular techniques because of its cost effectiveness, compact equipment and easy implementation. Compared to other methods, FR does not need large amounts of memory to store the extracted template and is not computationally expensive; which is a big advantage in data mining. However, identity theft is close to impossible for FR and there is no chance of re-construction of the original sample from the extracted template.
Biometric Identification Systems are widely used for unique identification of humans mainly for verification and identification. Biometrics is used as a form of identity access management and access control. So, the use of biometrics in computer based staff attendance management system is a secure approach.
The exception to the antipathy towards biometrics is fingerprint recognition (hereafter referred to as FR). FR is widely used today in places such as airports, university system and the legal system, and it is built into devices such as laptops, etc. More work has been found within the literature, which aims to quantify the best methods and algorithms of FR than any other biometric system; however, there is still not a categorical standard algorithm for FR systems. Despite this, identification or authentication through FR still has three main advantages (Maltoni, Maio . (2009), and (Newman 2010).
Low cost of deployment (cost effective).
Simple to implement and use.
Users must be physically available at the point of identification or verification.
The level of impersonation as well as the ghost worker syndrome in recent times is enormous, in both the private and the public sector, Akinduyite, Adetunmbi, Olabode, and Ibidunmoye (2013). Therefore, there is need for a new system which will wipe out all this enumerated issues. The human body has the privilege of having features that are unique and exclusive to each individual. This exclusiveness and unique characteristic has led to the field of biometrics and its application in ensuring security in various fields. Biometrics has gained popularity and has proved itself to be a reliable mode of ensuring privacy, maintaining security and identifying individuals. Today, the technology is being spotlighted as the authentication method because of the need for reliable security (Arulogun , 2013).
A system insusceptible to impersonation, that provide dependable and efficient means of taking staff attendance record with the use of biometrics captures to provide perpetrators with the uniqueness of biometrics will help organization/institution keep good and accurate record of their staff punctuality.
Fingerprints are considered to be the best and fastest method for biometric identification. They are secure to use, unique for every person and do not change in one’s lifetime. Besides, implementation of fingerprint recognition system is cheap, easy to manipulate and the result accurate.
Fingerprint recognition has been widely used in both forensic and civilian applications. Compared with other biometrics features, fingerprint-based biometrics is the most proven technique and has the largest market shares. Not only that it is faster than other techniques but also the energy consumption by such systems is less.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Traditionally, staff attendance is done by signing in and out in a register at National Open University of Nigeria, Enugu Study Centre, which leaves gap for impersonation and staff sometimes record earlier time when they are late to work. It becomes incomparable to the accuracy of staff in the afore mentioned institution.
Punctuality is one of the most important attribute of a good professional, and this project is motivated by the desire to bring and enhance professionalism at National Open University of Nigeria Enugu Study Centre.
1.4 Aims and Objectives
This project is aimed at developing a computer-based staff attendance system using fingerprint technology.
The specific objectives of the project are:
1. To design a computer-based staff attendance system using fingerprint technology.
2. To implement a computer-based staff attendance system.
3. To integrate fingerprint technology to the computer-based staff attendance system
4. To test the implemented computer-based staff attendance system.
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