1.1 Background to the Study
There has been an outcry against torture and other forms of ill-treatment in the Nigerian prisons despite the fact that Section.34 of the Constitution  guarantees the Right to the Dignity of the Human Person of all Nigerians including prisoners. Also, according to Article 5 of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights to which Nigeria is signatory:
Every individual shall have the right to the respect of the dignity inherent in a human being and to the recognition of his legal status. All forms of exploitation and degrading to man, particularly slavery, slave trade, torture, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, and treatment shall be prohibited.
Despite the above statutory provisions, in recent times, congestion of Nigerian prisons has assumed such a great magnitude that the very lifestyle, training, reformation, rehabilitation and re-integration of prisoners cannot be carried out efficiently.  Accurate statistics of inmates in Nigerian prisons is hard to come by, but according to the Nigerian Prison Service  the total number of awaiting trial persons are more than the convicted prisoners and thereby causing congestion.
The very structure of the Nigerian prison is not in tune with the current architectural developments of the present time; Fawehinmi stated that the cell where I was kept is reputed to be the oldest in the history of the Nigerian prison system. It had been built in 1820. The ceiling is made  of mud and raffia, therefore undignifying for human habitation.Section.22 of the Prison Regulation  provides that each prisoner shall be provided with plain and wholesome food despite this provision, prisoners are not fed quality food.
According to the Nigerian Law Reform Commission in 1983 the state of the lavatories or latrines is quite deplorable, cracked  disused buckets were mostly used, many stinking excreta. In many cells buckets were without lids and placed side by side with containers for storing drinking water for use of the prisoners at night. Environmentally and hygienically, the state of the Nigerian prisons leaves much to be desired and falls short of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Protection of Prisoners and or the Prisons Regulations. 
Poor Medical care and hygiene characterizes the prison. Most prisons have no clinics and those with clinics no doctors. Even when the prisoner manages to procure his drugs or some are donated by charity donors, there are either stolen or resold to inmates  by the prison staff. The inhumanity of these prison staff is beyond comprehension.
Although the Nigerian Prison Regulation, Prison Standing Order and other relevant laws makes provision for the clothing of prisoners. In most prisons audited, the prisoners had no uniform; in some the convicts had uniforms while those awaiting trial were not given uniforms. The issue of bedding and access to clean water is also an affront to the human dignity of prisoners.  It is against this background that the work appraised the Right to Human Dignity and the state of prisons in Nigeria.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The Right to Human Dignity is a right constitutionally guaranteed to all Nigerians despite the obvious fact that prisoners are entitled to this right, the state of prisons in Nigeria infringes on this right.
Prisons in Nigeria are characterized by various depilating conditions such as congestion which has caused the prison to overstretch its already scarce resources. Others such as lack of good and quality food, prisoners are not given beddings, congestion, their sanitary conditions are poor, lack of access to clean water, inadequate provision for clothing, poor healthcare, all of which dehumanize the prisoner.
There is a growing concern among the Nigerian public that prisons are fast losing its value to the fact that the condition of most administration of welfare services in Nigerian prisons are far from standard and therefore unfavourable for the realization of the purposes for which prisons are established. These inadequacies in the administration of welfare services in prison were the major problem that prompted this research. 
This research is set out to determine whether the state of the Nigerian prison infringes on the prisoners Right to Human Dignity. Because of the state of the Nigerian prisons the following questions are germane:
1.3 Objective of the Study
The main objective of this work is to identify the loopholes present in the prison system as it relates to the right to human dignity of prisoners and the extent to which unfair treatments are meted out to them. Arising there from are the following objectives:
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